Updated March 12, 2015
Fluvanna County was named after the eighteenth-century term for the upper James River. The name, meaning river of Anne, was given in honor of Queen Anne of England. The county was formed from Albemarle County in 1777. Its area is 282 square miles, and the county seat is Palmyra.
Fluvanna Parish, 1777
Given that Fluvanna was taken from Albemarle, it saw relatively few Gilliams. James Skelton Gilliam of Prince George owned a tract of land in Fluvanna. His Will directed that this tract be sold. Also Elizabeth Woodson the widow Charles Manning Gilliam of Cumberland married thirdly Thomas Shores and left her Will in Fluvanna mentioning her Gilliam children.
July 27, 1779
From William & Hannah Brett of the Co. of Goochland to James Carter of Fluvanna for 250 pounds on certain tract of land in Fluvanna containing about 250 acres bounded by Adams, the dry branch, a corner between Stone line and Adams, thence to Lisle's corner.
Signed: William Brett, Hann (her X mark) Brett.
Wit: Richard Fulcher, James GILLIUM, Colin Roberson.
Rec. Sept. 2, 1779
Fluvanna County, VA, Deed Book. 1, pg. 219
10 Nov 1827
This indenture made the 10th of November in the year eighteen hundred twenty seven between John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam executors of the ____ of James S. Gilliam of the Town of Petersburg of the one part and Overton B. Pettit of the County of Fluvanna of the other part. Witnesseth that whereas the late ______ James S. Gilliam died seized and possessed of an undivided moiety of a certain tract or parcel of land in the County of Fluvanna as is hereinafter described and by his Last Will and Testament which is duly recorded in the Hustings Court of Petersburg required that the said land should be sold by his executors by virtue whereas executors have sold the same to Overton B. Pettit of the said County. Now that this Indenture witnesseth that the said John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam executors of James S. Gilliam in consideration of the sum of five dollars to them ___ hand paid by the said Overton B. Pettit at or on before ensealing and delivery of _____ presents (the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged) have bargained and sold and by these presents do and each of them doth bargain and sell to the said Overton B. Pettit his heirs and assigns one undivided moiety of a certain parcel of land, situate in the County of Fluvanna and bounded by the lands of Overton B. Pettit and others supposed to contain 340 to 400 acres with all and singular the appurtenances etc. and the reversion ___ to have and to hold the said moiety with the tenements, hereditaments and all and singular other the ____hereinafter mentioned or intended to be bargained and sold and every part and parcel therein to the said Overton B. Pettit his heirs and assigns forever and the said John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam executors of James S. Gilliam for themselves and their heirs the _____ moiety with all and singular the premises and appurtenances before mentioned to the said Overton B. Pettit his heirs and assigns free from the claim or claims of them or either of them, the said John Gilliam and Theo F. Gilliam, their or either of their ___ of all and every person or persons whatsoever, shall will and do warrant and forever defend _____ presents. In witness whereof the said John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam executors of James S. Gilliam have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals the day and year first above written.
Sig: Jno Gilliam, Theo F. Gilliam, Executors of James S. Gilliam, decd.
Town of Petersburg, to wit
We Samuel Winfree and Thos Wallace, Justices of the Peace in the corporation aforesaid, in the State of Virginia do hereby certify that John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam parties to a certain deed bearing date on the ___ day of November of the year of our Lord eighteen hundred and twenty seven and here to amend personally appeared before us in our corporation aforesaid and acknowledged the same to be their act and deed and desired us to certify the said acknowledgement the same to be their act and deed and desired us to certify the said acknowledgement to the clerk of the County of Fluvanna in order that the said deed may be recorded. Given under our hands and seals this 14th day of November eighteen hundred and twenty seven.
Sig: Samuel Winfree, Recorder, Thos Wallace, Ald.
Court of Monthly session held for Fluvanna County on more or less the 5th day of February 1828. This deed was this day presented in Court ___ together with certificate thereon endorsed relative to the acknowledgment ___ by John Gilliam and Theophilus F. Gilliam, executors of James S. Gilliam ___ before two Justices of the peace for the corporation of Petersburg ordered to be recorded.
Teste John Timberlake, C Fl
Fluvanna County, VA, Deed Book ____, page 289-290.
[The Codicil of the Will of James Skelton Gilliam directs that his Fluvanna Plantation be sold. John and Theophilus are the executors and sons of James.]
1815 Landowner's Directory
GILLIAM, Robert, of Cumberland County, Bryant's Road, 9SE
[This appears at first glance to be Robert GILLIAM, grandson, of James GILLIAM, Sr., of Cumberland who lived along Cannon's Branch in Cumberland (In October 1781, Richard Omohondro was appointed road surveyor for the road from Bryant's Road to Cannon's Ferry.) However, Robert appears to have been in Georgia by this time. Robert leaves a Will in Greene County, GA recorded 9 Mar 1821.]
[Directions and distances are measured from the Courthouse.]
Ward, Roger G. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer) Volume 1, Central Region. Athens, GA: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997.
2 Feb 1831
Johnson, Francis and GILLIAM, Elizabeth
[Francis Johnson is Charles Francis Johnson, son of John Jedidah Johnson and Catherine Moore. Elizabeth GILLIAM is Elizabeth Woodson GILLIAM, daughter of Charles Manning GILLIAM and Elizabeth Woodson.]
GILLUM, Frederick and Jones, Martha
18 Mar 1857
GILLIAM, Charles and Johnson, Nannie
[Charles GILLIAM is Dr. Charles Daniel GILLIAM, son of James C. GILLIAM and Harriet Bagby. Nannie Johnson is Ann Smith Johnson, daughter of John M. Johnson and Edith Jane Omohundro.]
The Pension Application of Thomas Shores W6021
State of Virginia Fluvanna County to wit
On this 27th day of August 1832 personally appeared before the Court of Fluvanna County State aforesaid Thomas Shores aged Seventy Seven years a resident of the County of Fluvanna, who being duly sworn accord’g to Law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provision made by the act of Congress passed 7th June 1832 that he enlisted in the army of the United States.
That he enlisted in Feby 1776 in the Company Commanded by Capt Mathew Jewitt [sic: Matthew Jouett, BLWt1126-300] in the County of Albemarle in the Regiment Commanded by Cols. Lewis & McClanahan [sic: by Alexander McClanachan] that the Lieutenants were John [John Thompson, pension application S31415] & L Thompson [Leonard Thompson]. That the troops marched to Williamsburg & Gwinns Island [sic: Gwynn Island] remained in Service two or three months at Williamsbg & neighborhood Marched through Fredericksburg and joind the Continental army near white marsh hills in the State of Pensylvania & was under the command of Genl [William] Woodford. that he served until March 1778 when he was discharged at the Valley Forge by Genl Woodford that his discharge is lost or not now in his possession that he hereby relinquishes every claim whatever to a pension except the present and he declares that his name is not on the pension roll of any agency in any state Sworn to & subscribed the day & year first herein written
Sig: Thos Shores
[Thomas Shores married Elizabeth Woodson, the widow of Charles Manning Gilliam and Ellis Putney. On 9 Dec 1853 Elizabeth Shores, about 78, applied for a pension stating that she married Thomas Shores on 4 June 1828, and he died 15 Oct 1841. The file includes a copy of the marriage record as follows: “Tho’s Shores married Elizabeth Putney widow of Ellis Putney dec’d on the 4 day of June 1828, In 17 days after paying his first respects to her.”]
Transcribed and annotated by C. Leon Harris, www.southerncampaign.org
18 June 1828
This indenture between Thomas Shores and Elizabeth Putney widow of Ellis Putney dec'd of Buckingham Co. Whereas a marriage is intended shortly to take place between the said Thomas Shores and said Elizabeth Putney. It is agreed that in case the said Elizabeth Putney should survive the said Thomas Shores she should not have or claim any part of the real or personal estate of the said Thomas Shores by virtue of her dower or by virtue of her being administrator, nor shall she be entitled to the administration of the goods and chattels of her dec'd husband, but in lieu thereof she shall have the use of the dwelling house and curtelages where the said Thomas Shores now resides without any hindrance or molestation together with the household and kitchen furniture and the use or two Negroes (male and female) to with Daniel and Sophis and one horse and the annual pension of $100 cash to be paid to her regularly on the final day of January successively by the executor named in any last will and testament during her natural life or during her widowhood and no longer, and then the said hereby granted property of every description shall return to my estate and be disposed of agreeable to my last will and testament now in the hands of John Timberlake, Jr. It is further distinctly understood that in case the said Elizabeth should survive the said Thomas Shores and be in possession of the house and curtelages before named she is not to deprive the person or his family to whom I have given the said houses and curtelages, garden in my last will and testament now in the hands of John Timberlake, Jr., from an equal part a portion in the use of said houses together with herself and the said Thomas Shores doth hereby relinquish any claim to any property the said Elizabeth Putney may possess or be entitled to on the day their marriage may be solemnized.
Witness, Albert N. GILLIAM
Fluvanna County, VA, Deed Book 9, page 698
Wills, Estates and Inventories
Will of Elizabeth Woodson GILLIAM Putney Shores, 1847
- Fluvanna County, VA, Deed Book
- Ward, Roger G. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer) Volume 1, Central Region. Athens, GA: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997.