Chancery Files | Gilliams of Virginia

Virginia Chancery Causes
Updated March 23, 2016

Overview
Suits in which GILLIAMs are mentioned as plaintiff or defendant from the Library of Virginia
1797-1871

Background Notes

What is a Chancery Cause?
According to Black’s Law Dictionary, a Chancery Cause is a case of equity where “Justice is administered according to fairness as contrasted with the strictly formulated rules of common law.” A judge, not a jury, determines the outcome of the case. These types of records are useful when researching genealogical information and land or estate divisions and may contain correspondence, lists of heirs, or vital statistics, among other items. Some of the more common types of chancery causes are:
• Division of the estate of a person who died intestate (without a will)
• Divorces: Prior to 1842, divorces required an act of the General Assembly, but the county could grant legal separations. After 1842, County and Circuit Courts had the power to grant divorces.
• Settlements of dissolved business partnerships
• Resolution of land dispute

The three fundamental pieces of a Chancery Cause are:
• Bill, Bill of Complaint, or Bill of Injunction: This first step in instituting a chancery cause outlines the complaint of the Plaintiff (also referred to as the Complainant or the Orator/Oratrix) against the Defendant.
• Answer: The Defendant’s response to the complaint in the Bill, which may deny all of the allegations, take exceptions to some, or otherwise explain the actions of the Defendant. The Defendant can choose not to file an Answer, in which case the Bill is "taken for confessed."
• Final Decree: The judge’s final decision on the case.

Other items that may be contained in a chancery cause are:
• Subpoena: An order for an individual to appear at a certain time and place to give testimony.
• Deposition: The testimony of a subpoenaed witness given upon questioning, but not in open court.
• Affidavit: A voluntary statement of facts given by a subpoenaed witness without questioning.
• Commissioner’s Report: The findings and recommendations of the commissioners, which can be filed before or after the final decree.
• Docket: Lists the Plaintiff’s and Defendant’s names (style of suit) and the dates of court actions, including the filing of the bill, answer, and final decree. The docket is often used as a wrapper for the other documents in the case. In some cases, the docket is written on the back of the bill and then that document is wrapped around the others.
• Plat: A map of a specific area showing the locations and boundaries of individual parcels of land.
• Decrees other than the Final Decree: Decrees that direct further proceedings may be issued at various points throughout the case.
• Wills, deeds, notices, receipts, exhibits, and store accounts are a few of the other types of records that may be found in a Chancery Cause.



Plaintiff’s First
Plaintiff’s Last
Defendant’s First
Defendant’s Last

Year

County

James
Lyle
William
Gilliam & Co.

1806

Chesterfield

Benjamin
Moody
John
Gilliam

1852

Chesterfield

Samuel A.
Patteson Trust
Legt of Frances
Gilliam

1867

Chesterfield

Pet of Martha Cox
Gilliam



1899

Chesterfield

Gdn of Sally M
Gilliam
Jacob
Gilliam

1809

Goochland

William
Cliborne
James S.
Gilliam

1810

Goochland

Exr of John
Gilliam, Sr.
George
Parrish

1821

Goochland

Willis
McKeand
Amdr of Jacob
Gilliam

1821

Goochland

Elizabeth
Payne
John
Gilliam, Sr.

1826

Goochland

Elizabeth Ann
Gilliam
Alexander
Gilliam

1838

Henrico

J. M.
Gregory
M. M.
Gilliam

1886

Henrico

Lillie W.
Gregory
M. M.
Gilliam

1886

Henrico

Admr of William G.
Baptist
John
Gilliam

1820

Mecklenburg

Drury
Gilliam
Charles
Mabry

1758

Southampton

John
Watkins
Sarah
Gilliam

1763

Southampton

James
Adams
Thomas
Gilliam

1764

Southampton

John
Gilliam
Thomas
Gilliam, Sr

1770

Southampton

John
Rochell
Exr of John
Gilliam

1792

Southampton

Thomas
Gilliam
Exr of Benjamin
Clements

1792

Southampton

Thomas
Gilliam
David
Hynes

1792

Southampton

Thomas
Gilliam
Daniel
Fisher

1793

Southampton

Robert
Tucker
Thomas
Gilliam

1796

Southampton

Exr of Thomas
Gilliam
Exr of Daniel
Fisher

1798

Southampton

Susanna
Gilliam
Admx of Arthur
Gilliam, Jr

1798

Southampton

William
Gilliam
Susanna
Gilliam

1798

Southampton

Judith
Rochell
Thomas
Gilliam

1803

Southampton

Henry R.
Gilliam
Elizabeth
Gilliam

1808

Southampton

Heirs of Henry
Barrow
Henry R.
Gilliam

1810

Southampton

Thomas
Gilliam
Exr of John
Rochell

1814

Southampton

Robert
Gilliam
Matthew
Gilliam

1819

Southampton

Robert
Gilliam
Matthew
Gilliam

1819

Southampton

Newit
Harris
Henry R
Gilliam

1821

Southampton

Arymenta
Gilliam
Admr of Joseph
Gilliam

1823

Southampton

Henry R.
Gilliam
Lewis C.
Trezvant

1823

Southampton

Araminta
Gilliam
Gdns of Ann Louisa
Gilliam

1826

Southampton

Araminta
Gilliam
Gdns of Ann Louisa
Gilliam

1826

Southampton

Araminta
Gilliam
Henry R.
Gilliam

1826

Southampton

Charlotte
Gilliam, Widow
Heirs of Henry R.
Gilliam

1828

Southampton

Joseph
Gilliam
Joseph
Harris

1830

Southampton

Stith
Tucker
John
Gilliam

1830

Southampton

Children of Joseph
Gilliam
James
Cooper

1832

Southampton

Richard N
Gilliam
Cur of Joseph
Harris

1834

Southampton

Children of Henry R.
Gilliam
Admx of Henry R.
Gilliam

1835

Southampton

Sarah
Gilliam
Exr of Lucy
Newsom

1843

Southampton

Thomas B
Powell
Exr of Richard N.
Gilliam

1847

Southampton

James W.
Cooper
Exr of Richard N.
Gilliam
1849
Southampton
James W.
Cooper
Exr of Richard N.

Gilliam

1849

Southampton
Thomas B
Powell

Rosa

Gilliam

1850
Southampton
Joseph L.
Gilliam

George M

Musgrove
1857
Southampton

?
Gilliam
George W.

Lawrence

1870

Southampton
Ada F.
Gilliam
E. P.
Clements
1902
Southampton
William
Gilliam
Exr of Edward
Moss

1798

York

Anna Areker [Archer] Chisman
  • Gilliam
  • Thomas
  • Chisman
  • 1839
  • York
Library of Virginia Chancery Files
Anna Areker [Archer] Chisman
Gilliam
Admr of Henry
Shield

1839

York
William

Gilliam
Thomas
Chisman
1839
York

William

Gilliam

Admr of Henry
Shield
1839
York

Anna Archer Chisman

Gilliam

Thomas P.
Chisman
1845
York
Anna Archer Chisman
Gilliam
Admr of Henry H.
Shields
1845

York

Richard

Gilliam
Benjamin
Hansford
1845
York





Sources